Kyiv School of Economics invites to attend an academic seminar "The Effect of Economic Shocks on Abortions" by Ágnes Szabó-Morvai, Hungarian Academy of Sciences/University of Debrecen. The seminar will be held in English online via Zoom. To get a link please register below.
Date&Time: Thursday, January 21, 17:00 (Kyiv time).
About the author. Ágnes Szabó-Morvai is a Research Fellow at Hungarian Academy of Sciences & Assistant Professor at University of Debrecen. She earned an Economics PhD Magna Cum Laude at Central European University. Ágnes is eager to understand how human talent and health evolves throughout childhood. Her research interest also touches upon human capital accumulation at an early age; maternal labor supply; the effect of childcare institutions on children and mothers; health events around birth.
Her specialties are: Supervised and unsupervised learning techniques, A/B testing, Programming experience (e.g. Stata, R, MatLab, Gauss, SPSS, Tableau), Strong probability theory and inferential statistics knowledge.
Abstract. In this paper we study the effect of job displacement and unemployment on the probability of conception, abortion and delivery. Though the effect of economic shocks on fertility is widely studied, the effect on abortions is scarce, even though a large ratio of pregnancies (around one third in our dataset) ends with an abortion. We use a unique administrative panel dataset containig individual level information on labor market outcomes and incidences of births and abortions of Hungarian women between 2009 and 2017. We examine job displacements from firm closures and mass layoffs and compare outcomes of women who are displaced with a control group of women working in firms without closure or mass layoff events. First, we show that job displacement leads to a large increase in unemployment, confirming findings from numerous other studies. Second, we show that job displacement also increases the probability that a woman has an abortion. This effect is concentrated around the displacement date and mainly driven by young women below the age of 25. At the same time, we do not find evidence for an effect of job displacement on the probability of getting pregnant, which suggests that abortions are an important channel of birth control for young women experiencing an economic shock. Finally, we relate the unemployment experience to the abortion probability in an IV framework where we instrument unemployment by job displacement. The results from this analysis allow us to distinguish between different channels by which a job displacement affects pregnancy outcomes and to assess the role of unemployment versus the shock of job loss.
This seminar is enabled by the financial support from Sweden.