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- Direct damage caused to one village in the Kyiv region during the war amounted to almost UAH 1.1 billion
Direct damage caused to Moschun village in the Kyiv region during the war amounted to almost UAH 1.1 billion or $37.3 million.
This can be seen from the analysis carried out by the KSE Institute team within the “Russia will pay” project. The calculation of the damage to Moschun infrastructure was carried out on the basis of data collected in the framework of the RebuildUA project, initiated by SmartFarming and Vkursi Agro.
Digitized information about the infrastructure of the Moschun village is the most accurate damage estimate for today. The data was collected through the digitization of high-precision drone images. It allows analysts to estimate the level of damage and to make a thermal map of damage and levels of the bombing.
According to the report by RebuildUA and KSE Institute, digitized information about the infrastructure of the village shows that two thousand buildings were damaged or destroyed in the Moschun during the war.
Since the beginning of Russia’s war against Ukraine, in the Moschun 921 private houses were damaged or destroyed, as well as farm buildings and structures. As a result of hostilities, 20 industrial buildings, 18 greenhouses, 3 shops, 2 hotels, a school, a church, a house of culture, and a post office were also destroyed and damaged.
The largest losses in the total amount were caused to the village due to the destruction of private houses and amounted to UAH 954 million or $32.6 million. Losses from damage and destruction of business premises are estimated at UAH 94.7 million, or more than $3.2 million. Losses of enterprise assets amounted to UAH 21 million, or $718 thousand.
The detailed report of the destroyed infrastructure of the Moschun village, Kyiv region, and the assessment of losses is available via the link.
Methods for evaluating financial losses from infrastructure damage in the Moschun village:
1. The level of destruction of objects was determined due to drone survey and digitization of geospatial information. The following fractions were used for calculations: total destruction — 100% of the replacement cost, strong destruction — 50%, weak destruction — 10%, and probable destruction — 0%.
2. The assessment of large objects, in particular enterprises, is calculated individually on the basis of financial statements and other public sources regarding value information.
3. Average facilities, in particular, social infrastructure, trade objects, and services (health, education and culture, shops, hotels, restaurants, etc.) are calculated on the basis of average cost data, taking into account the type of area (urban/rural).
4. Small objects, which include residential buildings, outbuildings and garages, are calculated based on the average footage (taking into account the area and type of area) and the cost per square meter (nominal cost + cost of redecoration repairs + cost of dismantling).
The RebuildUA project has begun digitizing the destroyed and damaged infrastructure of cities and towns in the Kyiv region, which will be assessed by the KSE Institute team. The KSE Institute team analyzes and estimates Ukraine’s infrastructure damage together with volunteers from the Center for Economic Strategy, Dragon Capital, the Anti-Corruption Headquarters, Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Transparency International Ukraine, Prozorro.Sale, Prozorro and Ukrainian Council of Shopping Centers.
As of May 2, the total amount of direct documented infrastructure damages, based only on public sources, is almost $92 billion or over UAH 2.7 trillion. During the last week, direct losses to civilian infrastructure documented based on the publicly available evidence (that is, this is a lower bound estimate and the true losses are likely to be times higher), increased by almost $4.5 billion. This can be seen from the analysis carried out within the “Russia will pay” project by the KSE Institute team (the analytical unit of Kyiv School of Economics) with the support of the Presidential Office, the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Reintegration of Temporarily Occupied Territories and the Ministry of Infrastructure.
Every citizen or legal entity can also submit information about the loss of physical infrastructure, including residential buildings, due to the war. For this purpose, the KSE Institute team has created the RUSSIA WILL PAY resource (https://damaged.in.ua/), where every citizen can submit data on damage to buildings, businesses, roads, and other facilities right now. Everyone can also submit information about damages using the chatbot.
Digitization of destroyed infrastructure
Moshchun village (Kyiv region)