Direct damage caused to Horenka village in the Kyiv region from the war amounted almost $85 mln or UAH 2.5 billion.
This can be seen from the analysis carried out by the KSE Institute team within the “Russia will pay” project. The calculation of the damage to Horenka infrastructure was carried out on the basis of data collected in the framework of the RebuildUA project, initiated by SmartFarming and Vkursi Agro.
Horenka is one of the most suffered villages in Kyiv region, which was in a kilometer zone of the front since the first days of the war. In March, according to the Ministry of Defense, the village was shelled by Russian troops, in particular from multiple rocket launchers. Thanks to the digitization of high-precision images from drones, it was possible to assess the level of destruction, damage and analyze the level of bombing. These are the most accurate estimates of Horenkaʼs losses for now.
According to the report by RebuildUA and KSE Institute, due to the war, almost 1.2 thousand buildings were destroyed or damaged, of which more than a thousand were residential and homestead buildings. Damage from the destruction of these buildings amounts to UAH 1.37 billion. During the active hostilities in the Horenka village, 105 industrial infrastructure facilities in the village were damaged and destroyed.
Destroyed enterprises and warehouses of the following companies: KUEHNE+NAGEL, Inter Cars Ukraine, BILLERBECK UKRAINE FEATHER AND DOWN FACTORY LLC, KLIMTEK LLC, TRANS LOK LLC, PROMZIZ. According to KSE Institute analysts, the damage from the destruction of industrial infrastructure is UAH 1.07 billion.
Furthermore, there are 17 trade establishments, 3 shops, 3 food establishments, 1 church, 1 educational establishment and 1 medical lab among the damaged objects of social infrastructure. Damage to Horenka’s social infrastructure is over UAH 48 million. The village has lost another UAH 2 million from the destruction of administrative buildings.
The detailed report of the destroyed infrastructure of the Horenka village, Kyiv region, and the assessment of losses is available via the link.
Methods for evaluating financial losses from infrastructure damage in the Horenka village:
1. The level of destruction of objects was determined due to drone survey and digitization of geospatial information. The following fractions were used for calculations: total destruction — 100% of the replacement cost, strong destruction — 50%, weak destruction — 10%.
2. The assessment of large objects, in particular enterprises, is calculated individually on the basis of financial statements and their own damage reports.
3. Medium-sized facilities, in particular, social infrastructure, trade objects, and services (health, education and culture, shops, hotels, restaurants, etc.) are calculated on the basis of average cost data, taking into account the type of area (urban/rural).
4. Small objects, which include residential buildings, outbuildings and garages, are calculated based on the area and the cost per square meter (nominal cost + cost of redecoration repairs + cost of dismantling). The same applied to enterprises and warehouses that were not identified.
The RebuildUA project has begun digitizing the destroyed and damaged infrastructure of cities and towns in the Kyiv region, which will be assessed by the KSE Institute team. The KSE Institute team analyzes and estimates Ukraine’s infrastructure damage together with volunteers from the Center for Economic Strategy, Dragon Capital, the Anti-Corruption Headquarters, Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Transparency International Ukraine, Prozorro.Sale, Prozorro and Ukrainian Council of Shopping Centers.
Every citizen or legal entity can also submit information about the loss of physical infrastructure, including residential buildings, due to the war. For this purpose, the KSE Institute team has created the RUSSIA WILL PAY resource (https://damaged.in.ua/), where every citizen can submit data on damage to buildings, businesses, roads, and other facilities right now. Everyone can also submit information about damages using the chatbot.
In early May 2022, RebuildUA has already published the report with digitized data on the destruction in the village of Moschun in Kyiv region. According to the KSE Institute assessment, the damage to the infrastructure of Moschun village from the war amounted to almost 1.1 billion hryvnias or $37.3 million.