As of November 2022, the total amount of losses, caused to the infrastructure of Ukraine, increased to almost $136 billion

15 December 2022

As of November 2022, the total amount of documented damage to residential and non-residential real estate, and other infrastructure amounted to $135.9 billion (at replacement cost). 

The damage assessment was carried out within the framework of the National Council for the Recovery of Ukraine from the Consequences of the War by the analytical team of the Kyiv School of Economics (KSE) supported by the UK’s Government (UK Aid) together with the Ministry of Community Development and Territories, the Ministry of Infrastructure, the Ministry of Health, under the coordination of the Ministry of Reintegration Temporarily Occupied Territories and in cooperation with other relevant ministries and the National Bank of Ukraine. 

Compared to the last report for September 2022, the most damage was caused to energy infrastructure, industry, and public and private enterprises. The amount of damages to industrial enterprises increased by $3 billion to $13 billion. This is the third-largest share of infrastructure damage. Damage to the energy infrastructure increased to $6.8 billion. Expecting, the actual figure may be higher, as there is currently no complete information on the state of Ukrainian enterprises located in the temporarily occupied territories, as well as detailed information on the damage caused to the country’s energy infrastructure. 

As of November 2022, the damages caused to the housing stock also increased by $2 billion to $52.5 billion. Currently, the share of the housing fund in the total amount of damages is 38.6%. The number of destroyed and damaged private and apartment buildings increased by 8 thousand to 143.8 thousand compared to September 2022. Among them, 126.7 thousand are private houses; 16.8 thousand — residential buildings; almost 0.3 thousand are dormitories.

Donetsk, Kyiv, Luhansk, Chernihiv, and Kharkiv regions are among the top five regions most affected by the destruction of the housing stock. In the Donetsk region, 78,700 houses were destroyed for $14.3 billion. The damage to Kyiv Oblast from the destruction and damage to 22,800 residential buildings amounts to $8.2 billion. In the capital during the war, 348 residential buildings were destroyed and damaged, the vast majority of which were multi-apartment buildings, worth $0.9 billion.

As a result of hostilities, the number of damaged and destroyed infrastructure objects continues to grow. The total amount of infrastructure damages increased to $35.6 billion, its share is 26.2% of the total. Among them, $26.6 billion — due to the direct destruction of roads, and another $4.4 billion is the Ukrzaliznytsia’s damages. 

Compared to the beginning of autumn, the damages caused by hostilities to the infrastructure of such areas as education — $8.2 billion, healthcare — $1.7 billion, and culture, tourism and sports — $2.1 billion.

Since the beginning of russia’s war against Ukraine, at least 64 large and medium-sized private enterprises, 84.2 thousand units of agricultural machinery, 153 social institutions, 2692 preschool, secondary and higher education institutions, 305 gas station, 27 shopping centers, 14.4 thousand public transport vehicles, 194.8 thousand private cars, 330 hospitals, 880 cultural objects, 94 religious buildings, 157 tourism facilities, 595 administrative buildings of state and local administration have been damaged, destroyed or seized. 

According to the Ministry for Communities and Territories Development, 592 heat supply facilities were damaged in Ukraine as a result of russian missile attacks, namely: 444 boiler houses, 13 thermal power plants, 7 thermal power plants, and 128 central heating points. Almost 300 of them have already been restored.

The project team also includes volunteers from the Center for Economic Strategy, Dragon Capital, the Anti-Corruption Headquarters, the Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Transparency International Ukraine, Prozorro.Sale, Prozorro, Ukrainian Council of Shopping Centers, CoST Ukraine, Vkursi Agro, TVIS Ukraine, Retail Association of Ukraine, Culver Aviation, Center for Innovations Development. 

This assessment is fully funded by UK aid from the UK government. The work also became possible due to the support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The estimate and its result do not necessarily reflect the views of the UK government’s official policies, the United States Government, and the United States Agency for International Development.