The total amount of direct documented damages inflicted upon Ukraine’s infrastructure due to the full-scale invasion by Russia as of April 2023 stands at $147.5 billion (at replacement cost). Ongoing destruction of residential buildings, enterprises, educational institutions, and agro-sector infrastructure continue to contribute to the overall damages.
As of April 2023, the damages incurred by the residential sector have increased by $1.2 billion compared to February of the same year, from $53.6 billion to $54.4 billion. The total number of damaged or destroyed residential buildings, including private houses, apartment buildings, and dormitories, has reached almost 158,000.
Infrastructure and industrial sectors remain in second and third place, respectively, in terms of damages. The infrastructure damages remain unchanged at $36.2 billion, while the destroyed or damaged assets of enterprises have increased by another $100,000, with the total damages in this sector amounting to $11.4 billion.
The damages inflicted upon the education sector have increased by $9.1 billion, with educational institutions continuing to suffer from damages and destruction caused by the war. As of April 2023, the total number of damaged or destroyed educational facilities has reached 3,200, including over 1,500 secondary schools, almost 1,000 kindergartens, and 538 higher education institutions.
Damages caused by damage to the energy infrastructure have also increased by $200 million, with the total damages now amounting to $8.3 billion.
The damages incurred by the healthcare sector have also increased by $0.9 billion. As of April 2023, the damages in the healthcare sector have increased from $1.8 billion in February to $2.7 billion. In total, 806 healthcare facilities have been destroyed or damaged, including 367 hospitals and 341 clinics. It should be noted that the current report reflects a decrease in the number of medical facilities due to updated information received from local authorities.
The “Russia will pay” project experts have revised the damages suffered by the utilities sector, based on new data from local administrations and updated assumptions regarding the intensity of the conflict’s impact on this industry. The updated assessment puts the total damages suffered by this sector at $1.4 billion for the first year of full-scale war, and $2.7 billion as of April 2023.
The project team also includes volunteers from the Centre for Economic Strategy, Dragon Capital, the Anti-Corruption Headquarters, the Institute of Analysis and Advocacy, Transparency International Ukraine, Prozorro.Sale, Prozorro, Ukrainian Council of Shopping Centres, CoST Ukraine, Vkursi Agro, TVIS Ukraine, Retail Association of Ukraine, Culver Aviation, Centre for Innovations Development.
Detailed data on destruction and damages caused to the Ukraine’s infrastructure were collected by the Kyiv School of Economics (KSE Institute) as part of the project to develop independent methodologies for the analytical assessment of infrastructure damage and economic losses caused by Russia’s aggression, implemented by the KSE Institute in cooperation with the USAID Economic Resilience Activity. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of KSE Institute and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.